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CHANGE

1 Mar

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُغَيِّرُ مَا بِقَوْمٍ حَتَّىٰ يُغَيِّرُوا مَا بِأَنفُسِهِمْ

Indeed, Allah will not change what is with a people until they change what is in themselves (13:11)

  • Abu Ishaq al-Huweny HafidhahuAllah says that there are two maa — what — in this ayah.
  • The first maa refers to calamities and the second refers to factors that eradicate them.
  • Meaning: Allah does not uplift what befell on a people until they remove what was the cause of it within themselves.

DIVISION OF WEALTH

20 Feb
وَلَا تُؤْتُوا السُّفَهَاءَ أَمْوَالَكُمُ الَّتِي جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ قِيَامًا وَارْزُقُوهُمْ فِيهَا وَاكْسُوهُمْ وَقُولُوا لَهُمْ قَوْلًا مَّعْرُوفًا
وَإِذَا حَضَرَ الْقِسْمَةَ أُولُو الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينُ فَارْزُقُوهُم مِّنْهُ وَقُولُوا لَهُمْ قَوْلًا مَّعْرُوفًا

And do not give the weak-minded your property, which Allah has made a means of sustenance for you, but provide for them within it and clothe them and speak to them words of appropriate kindness (4:3).

And when other relatives and orphans and the needy are present at the time of division, then provide for them from it and speak to them words of appropriate kindness (4:8).

  • Both of these verses speak about the division of wealth but the phrases used are different.
  • This verse is referring to the wealth of the orphan.
  • The use of the preposition fihaa — within it — implies that the guardian should invest the wealth in a safe manner so it increases and does not diminish.
  • The second verse is about the time the wealth is distributed.
  • In this case, one should take a small amount and give it to those who are visiting (this is done to ward off any evil feelings since they have no share of the inheritance).
  • This would lead to a decrease in the wealth and hence the preposition from it is used.

EATING FIRE

17 Feb

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَأْكُلُونَ أَمْوَالَ الْيَتَامَىٰ ظُلْمًا إِنَّمَا يَأْكُلُونَ فِي بُطُونِهِمْ نَارًا ۖ وَسَيَصْلَوْنَ سَعِيرًا

Indeed, those who devour the property of orphans unjustly are verily only consuming into their bellies fire. And they will be burned in a Blaze (4:10).

  • This verse is found in Surah an-Nisaaa. The central theme of this chapter is the rights of people.
  • The chapter begins with the rights of the weakest in society: female orphans.
  • The discussion ends with the above warning.
  • This is the fifth time in ten verses that this phrase is repeated. This is to emphasize that the wealth belongs to the orphans and the guardians have no share in it, whatsoever.
  • This implies that eating the wealth of the orphan is of two types: unjustly and justly (later applies to someone who is poor as stated in verse six).
  • The fire of Hell is in the indefinite article for aggrandizement, and to horrify and scare those that unjustly eat the wealth of orphans.
  • What does it mean to eat the fire? It could mean that it is a means of entering the fire. It could be literal in that the person in their grave, the Day of Judgement or in hellfire will eat the fire.
  • More probably, it is metaphorical implying that whatever is eaten will be destroyed and devoid of any barakah.
  • The general principle of wealth being devoid of barakah and slowly disintegrating applies to all wealth earned through impermissible means.

IF YOU LOVE ALLAH YOU WILL DO THIS.

5 Dec

قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” (3:31).

  • as-Sa’di rahimahuAllah said, “this ayah mentions the obligation of loving Allah, its sign, affect and benefit.”
  • The sign of loving Allah is following Prophet Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa salam.
  • The focus of many Muslims has become only on loving Prophet SAW. Allah SWT did not tell us in this ayah to love him. Claiming to love Prophet SAW is very easy. True love is expressed by ones eagerness to follow his sunnah and by not inventing ways of expressing that love.
  • Other benefit: Love of Allah is not immediately attained. Rather it has steps and stages, the first of which is following Prophet SAW.
  • The affect of loving Allah is that Allah will love you.
  • The benefit derived is that ones sins will be forgiven.

A DISGUSTING END

5 Nov

الَّذِينَ يَأْكُلُونَ الرِّبَا لَا يَقُومُونَ إِلَّا كَمَا يَقُومُ الَّذِي يَتَخَبَّطُهُ الشَّيْطَانُ مِنَ الْمَسِّ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ قَالُوا إِنَّمَا الْبَيْعُ مِثْلُ الرِّبَا ۗ وَأَحَلَّ اللَّهُ الْبَيْعَ وَحَرَّمَ الرِّبَا ۚ فَمَن جَاءَهُ مَوْعِظَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّهِ فَانتَهَىٰ فَلَهُ مَا سَلَفَ وَأَمْرُهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ ۖ وَمَنْ عَادَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ ۖ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ

Those who consume interest cannot stand [on the Day of Resurrection] except as one stands who is being beaten by Satan into insanity. That is because they say, “Trade is [just] like interest.” But Allah has permitted trade and has forbidden interest. So whoever has received an admonition from his Lord and desists may have what is past, and his affair rests with Allah . But whoever returns to [dealing in interest or usury] – those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide eternally therein (2:276).

  • This is the first ayah in the Quran regarding the prohibition of interest.
  • The expected here is those who take interest. Instead Allah SWT said those who eat interest. The imagery highlighted here is the end of the one who consumes and for what usury is  consumed is the same as food.

HOW TO ATTAIN EVERYTHING

3 Nov

وَمِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَتَهَجَّدْ بِهِ نَافِلَةً لَّكَ عَسَىٰ أَن يَبْعَثَكَ رَبُّكَ مَقَامًا مَّحْمُودًا

And from part of the night, pray with it as additional worship for you. It is expected that your Lord will resurrect you to a praised station (17:79)

  • Allah SWT said part of the the night and not the entire night. It shows that Allah SWT wants us to worship Him when we are energetic and focused.
  • Allah SWT did not say fasalli but rather fatahajjuh — both mean prayer. The later implies that you slept and then prayed.
  • What does this pronoun return to? It refers to the Quran as mentioned in the previous ayah (if it was biha it would refer to the night).
  • Means voluntary and not compulsory.
  • Implies that the only person who benefit is you.
  • The highest station that anyone can ever have is al-Maqam al-Mahmood (which is reserved for Prophet SAW). If you can have the best of the next world through the night prayer, surely anything insignificant of this world can be achieved through it.
  • Abu Ishaaq al-Sabiie RahimahuAllah said, “O the assembly of youth, exert yourself with all your energy and capitalize on your youth prior to being incapacitated [and unable to pray the night prayer].”

ALLAH WANTS EASE

28 Jun

شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أُنزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ هُدًى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَاتٍ مِّنَ الْهُدَىٰ وَالْفُرْقَانِ ۚ فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ ۖ وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ ۗ يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ وَلِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُوا اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَاكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

  • Allah wants ease for you and He does want difficulty for you.
  • A person may ask, if Allah wants ease why do I have to pray fajar at 4 AM? Also why do we have to fast for 19 hours?
  • Biqaai RA explains this by saying that the meaning is Allah wants ease for you through His legislation. i.e. anytime you go against what Allah ordained, you will find tremendous difficulty in your life.
  • Fajar is one of the greatest means of having blessing in your day. If you did not pray the prayer, the difficulty you will find in your day far exceeds the small difficulty of waking up, praying and returning to sleep.
  • Secondly, the meaning could be literal. Allah never makes a person go through a difficulty simply for the sake of difficulty. Rather the goal may be to have the persons sins forgiven, raise the persons rank, eradicate a weakness, build a strength or to teach a lesson.
  • Never ever is the goal of a calamity or a legislation to make the persons life difficult.
  • Why is the difficulty also mentioned? You could want ease for a person but still have them go through a difficulty. By mentioning both ease and negating difficulty, exclusivity is created: The only thing Allah wants is ease!