[Fasting for] a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey then an equal number of days [are to be made up]. And upon those who are able [to fast, but with hardship] – a ransom [as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]. And whoever volunteers excess – it is better for him. But if you fast it is better for you, if you only knew (2:184)
- Is it better for a traveler or a sick person to fast or to break their fast? It depends.
- The goals of fasting is to attain Taqwa, which is attained by increasing in good deeds and avoiding evil deeds.
- Hence, if this goal is not being meant — i.e. the person is sleeping all day and their daily function is impaired — then it is better for them to break their fast.
- al-Nawawi said: the ahaadeeth which indicate that it is better not to fast are to be interpreted as referring to those who will be harmed by fasting…