TO BREAK OR NOT TO BREAK

14 Jun
أَيَّامًا مَّعْدُودَاتٍ ۚ فَمَن كَانَ مِنكُم مَّرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ ۚ وَعَلَى الَّذِينَ يُطِيقُونَهُ فِدْيَةٌ طَعَامُ مِسْكِينٍ ۖ فَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّهُ ۚ وَأَن تَصُومُوا خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ ۖ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

[Fasting for] a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey then an equal number of days [are to be made up]. And upon those who are able [to fast, but with hardship] – a ransom [as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]. And whoever volunteers excess – it is better for him. But if you fast it is better for you, if you only knew (2:184)

  • Is it better for a traveler or a sick person to fast or to break their fast? It depends.
  • The goals of fasting is to attain Taqwa, which is attained by increasing in good deeds and avoiding evil deeds.
  • Hence, if this goal is not being meant — i.e. the person is sleeping all day and their daily function is impaired — then it is better for them to break their fast.
  • al-Nawawi said: the ahaadeeth which indicate that it is better not to fast are to be interpreted as referring to those who will be harmed by fasting…
  • https://islamqa.info/en/20165

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