أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۖ مَا يَكُونُ مِن نَّجْوَىٰ ثَلَاثَةٍ إِلَّا هُوَ رَابِعُهُمْ وَلَا خَمْسَةٍ إِلَّا هُوَ سَادِسُهُمْ وَلَا أَدْنَىٰ مِن ذَٰلِكَ وَلَا أَكْثَرَ إِلَّا هُوَ مَعَهُمْ أَيْنَ مَا كَانُوا ۖ ثُمَّ يُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا عَمِلُوا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ
Have you not considered that Allah knows what is in the heavens and what is on the earth? There is in no private conversation of three but that He is the fourth of them, nor are there five but that He is the sixth of them – and no less than that and no more except that He is with them wherever they are. Then He will inform them of what they did, on the Day of Resurrection. Indeed Allah is, of all things, Knowing (58:7).
- Why are three and five chosen and not two? Why is four skipped? The numbers are random to show that it doesn’t matter how many people are present in a conversation, Allah is always present (reflect over how beautifully this point is mentioned by simply saying two ‘random’ numbers).
- What does it mean for Allah to be present? Some incorrectly believe that Allah is everywhere. Instead this ayah begins with knowledge of Allah and ends with the knowledge of Allah i.e. Allah is present with us in His knowledge.
- Where is Allah? He is above His throne in a manner that befits His majesty. There are over a 1,000 proofs for this, the simplest being that the Quran was sent down from the heavens.
- A man used to go around asking the Sahabah, how did Allah ascend on His throne. When he asked Umer RA, he hit him in the head, and then asked if he understood. He said yes, I get it now.