يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ كُلُوا مِمَّا فِي الْأَرْضِ حَلَالًا طَيِّبًا وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ
إِنَّمَا يَأْمُرُكُم بِالسُّوءِ وَالْفَحْشَاءِ وَأَن تَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ
O mankind, eat from whatever is on earth lawful and good and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.[2:168]
- This ayah is the second direct address to mankind in the Qur’an. It commands us to follow the Shariah; the first is to worship Allah [2:21]. Conclusion: Worshipping Allah necessitates following the Shariah.
- Why does it begin with food? It is the most essential requirement for survival.
- The ayah begins with halal and not haram. Benefit: The focus of our shariah is halal. The haram is limited and the halal is countless.
- The halal is given the adjective of Tayyib (طَيِبْ), which means good. Everything which is halal is good, and everything which is good is halal.
- The antonym of tayyib is khabith (خَبِيْث), which means filthy. Everything which is haram is evil.
- Instead of commanding us to avoid haram, Allah SWT prohibits following Shytaan. Hence, every time you do something haram, you are following the footstep of Shytaan.
- The ayah concludes by reminding us who Shytaan is: your clear enemy! Would anyone willingly obey and follow their enemy?