2- Why was the Qur’an Sent?

17 Feb

قَيِّمًا لِّيُنذِرَ بَأْسًا شَدِيدًا مِّن لَّدُنْهُ وَيُبَشِّرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ الصَّالِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ أَجْرًا حَسَنًا

[He has made it] straight, to warn of severe punishment from Him and to give good tidings to the believers who do righteous deeds that they will have a good reward. [18:2]

  • Standard for correction; it takes something deviated and makes it upright.
  • To warn of an intense and severe punishment from Him.
  • Mercy of Allah: glad tidings given to those who do some good deeds, as opposed to endless deeds.
  • The root of the word is related to Salaha– to change a fault into a virtue.
  • The Al- makes the deeds specific; these are prescribed by Allah. Someone may do a good deed but since it was not legislated (e.g. doing 3 rakats for Fajar), they will not be rewarded.
  • لهم is expected at the end. It has been brought earlier for exclusivity: the reward is especially for this group.

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