الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ عَلَىٰ عَبْدِهِ الْكِتَابَ وَلَمْ يَجْعَل لَّهُ عِوَجًا
All the praises and thanks be to Allah, Who has sent down to His slave (Muhammad SAW) the Book (the Quran), and has not placed therein any crookedness. [18:1]
- No one can truly praise Allah as He deserves for sending the Qur’an — the greatest mercy to mankind. Hence, Allah begins by praising Himself.
- Means to send down at once; نَزّلَ, would be a partial and continuous revelation. The Qur’an — in its entirety — was sent down to the lowest heavens on Lalatul Qadar.
- If Allah said الى (to), then the Qur’an would be a privilege and a message specifically given only to Prophet SAW; على(upon) implies the responsibility of carrying and conveying the message
- عَوَجْ–Awaj is a visual deficiencythat is observable; a crack in the ceiling. عِوَجْ– Iwaj is an abstract deficiency. The Qur’an does not contain any flaw in its theology and morality, let alone in its grammar and literary eloquence.
As-Saedii RA: Allah described the scripture with two characteristics of perfection: negation from any deviation [ayah 1] and affirmation of its uprightness [ayah 2].